Beginning of Additive Technologies (site since 1997, Russian)
Head of Additive Manufacturing Lab. at the CMТ (Skoltech), Prof. Igor Shishkovsky received his PhD from the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Moscow (1992) and Doctor of Science from the Institute of Structural Macrokinetics and Material Science of the RAS (ISMAN, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 2005). In the period from 1993 to 2013 years, Prof. Shishkovsky held Professor positions at Sam GTU, SamGU, and MGTU – Stankin. He was an Invited Professor in the Diagnostics and Imaging of Industrial Processes (DIPI) Laboratory at Ecole Nationale d’Ingenieurs de Saint Etienne (2006 – 07 & 2010 – 11, ENISE, France). He is a co-author of over 200 scientific papers, 12 books/chapters, and 8 patents devoted to additive manufacturing (powder bed fusion, direct energy deposition, 3D laser cladding, etc) and by laser treatment of materials.
His current research interests are additive manufacturing of functional gradient parts, 4D printing, bio-fabrication of implants and scaffolds.
MANUSCRIPTS AND BOOK CHAPTERS:
Makarenko K., Dubinin O., Shishkovsky I. Direct Energy Deposition of Cu-Fe System Functionally Graded Materials: Miscibility Aspects, Cracking Sources, and Methods of Assisted Manufacturing, p. 245. Book Chapter 13 in InTech Publ., Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.) ‘Advanced Additive Manufacturing’, 2022, London, UK. ISBN: 978-1-83962-821-4, Print ISBN: 978-1-83962-820-7, 304 p. Open access
‘Advanced Additive Manufacturing’, Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.), 2022, London, UK. ISBN: 978-1-83962-821-4 , Print ISBN: 978-1-83962-820-7, 304 p. Open access
Shishkovsky I. Aerospace applications of the SLM process of functional and functional graded metal-matrix composites based on NiCr superalloys. Pages 265-280. Book Chapter 12 in Elsevier Publ., F. Froes, R. Boyer (Eds.) ‘Additive Manufacturing for the Aerospace Industry. 1st Edition‘, 2019. ISBN: 978-0-12814-062-8, 482 p.
Shishkovsky I. Introductory Chapter: Genome of Material for Combinatorial Design and Prototyping of Alloys, p. 1-9. Book Chapter 1 in InTech Publ., Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.) ‘Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys. Modeling and Optimization‘, 2018, London, UK. ISBN: 978-1-78923-389-6, Print ISBN: 978-1-78923-388-9. Open access.
Volyansky I., Shishkovsky I. Laser-assisted 3D printing of functional graded structures from polymer covered nanocomposites, p 237-258. Book Chapter 11 in InTech Publ., Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.) ‘New Trends in 3D Printing’, 2016, Rijeka, Croatia. ISBN: 978-953-51-2480-1, Print ISBN: 978-953-51-2479-5, 268 p. Open access.
Шишковский И.В. Основы аддитивных технологий высокого разрешения. Из-во Питер, СПб, 2016, 400 c., ISBN 978-5-496-02049-7
Shishkovsky I.V., Nazarov A.P., Kotoban D.V., Kakovkina N.G. Comparison of additive technologies for gradient aerospace part fabrication from nickel-based superalloys. p . 221-245. Book Chapter 10 in InTech Publ., M. Aliofkhazraei (Ed.) “Superalloys”, Rijeka, Croatia, ISBN 978-953-51-2212-8, 2015, 344 p. Open access
Book chapters in J. Lawrence et al. (Eds.), Laser Surface Engineering. Processes and applications, 718 p. 2015, Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials, ELSEVIER SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, on – line ISBN 978-1-78242-074-3.
Shishkovsky I.V. Chemical and physical vapor deposition methods for nanocoatings. Book chapter in A. S. Hamdy and I. Tiginyanu (Eds.), ‘Nanocoatings and Ultra Thin-Films’, 2011, 414 p., Woodhead Publishing Limited, Abington Cambridge, UK, on – line ISBN 978-1-84569-812-6, pp. 57-77. doi:10.1533/9780857094902.1.57
Shishkovsky I.V. High-Speed Laser-Assisted Surface Modification. A book chapter in A. S. Hamdy (Ed.) High-Performance Coatings for Automotive and Aerospace Industries, Nova Science Publishers, NY, USA, June 2010, pp. 109-126. ISBN: 978-1-60876-579-9.
Шишковский И.В. Лазерный синтез функциональных мезоструктур и объемных изделий. Физматлит. М.: 2009. 424 c. ISBN 978-5-9221-1122-5.
Awards and Grants:
Membership in International Scientific Committees:
Expert and Referee work:
We are looking for ambitious and hardworking graduated students for Master/PhD projects aimed to help
Directions of our current researches include but not restricted to :
Interested Msс/PhD and Postdoc candidates are welcome to write to Prof. Igor Shishkovsky at email@example.com for further details.
Course MA06243 – Fundamentals of Additive Technologies
Additive manufacturing (AM), also called 3D printing, has become an extremely promising technology nowadays. Unlike traditional manufacturing processes such as welding, milling, and melting that involve multi-stage processing and treatments, AM allows creating products with a new level of performance and shapes. Moreover, this technique allows to the production of prototypes rapidly and leads to reducing costs and risks. Another crucial advantage of the technology is the unprecedented design flexibility that lets us create samples of high quality based on different materials such as metals, alloys, ceramics, polymers, composite materials, etc.
The main goal of this course is to represent the fundamental basis of different additive technologies to the students. In this course, a wide range of questions will be addressed, beginning from the process of chain and designing the structures up to various 3D printing technologies, materials and process parameters, benefits and drawbacks of AM approaches will be considered. During laboratory class, we will get acquainted with the additive technologies on various printing machines. Students will be able to create their own models, print them in metals, ceramics, and polymers, and also analyze the properties of the final samples. During this course, a complete cycle of production of samples using various 3D printing techniques will be explored both theoretically and practically.
Course MA03354 – 3D Bioprinting: Processes, Materials, and Applications
Additive manufacturing technology offers significant advantages for biomedical devices and tissue engineering due to its ability to manufacture low-volume or one-of-a-kind parts on-demand based on patient-specific needs, at no additional cost for different designs that can vary from patient to patient, while also offering flexibility in the starting materials.
The course starts with the introduction of tissue engineering (TE) and scaffold-based TE approaches. A big part of the course will be devoted to the main processes of 3D bio-fabrication. We will describe the key stages in 3D bioprinting, which are the material choice (bio-materials and cell source), pre-processing (CAD and topological optimization), processing (the 3D bioprinting systems and processes), and post-processing (cell culture). The application areas of bio-printing, including tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, clinics and transplantation, pharmaceutics, and the future trends in bioprinting that will revolutionize the organ transplantation technology in the next decades will be discussed.
Course MA03249 – Industrial Robotics
Course MA03356 – Thermal spraying and functional coatings
18.02.2022 – Maxim Isachenkov (PhD) gave a lecture on the Colonization of the Moon using 3D printing. // His most high-impact studies are below:
Additive manufacturing (AM) with lunar regolith is a promising in-situ fabrication and repair (ISFR) method that can be used for sustainable local production of engineering tools and components. The evolution of properties of highland and mare lunar regolith simulants concerning grinding-based pre-processing was studied in this work, relevant to stereolithography-based AM. Particle size distribution, mean particle size, UV–Vis, XRD and XRF spectra were acquainted from the samples, ground in a ball mill at various grinding times (to different fraction sizes). The photopolymerization efficiency was assessed for lunar simulant-infilled resins prepared from lunar regolith simulants ground with different parameters. It was found that the grinding time of lunar regolith simulants strongly influences their optical properties – the light absorption in the far UV increased by 5.5 times. Based on the measured photo-polymerization depth, the optimal grinding procedure for mare and highland lunar regolith simulants was determined. // Isachenkov et al (2022). The effect of particle size of highland and lunar regolith simulants on their printability in vat polymerisation additive manufacturing. // Ceramics International, 48(23), 34713-19. doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2022.08.060 (IF=5.53; Q1)
Lunar regolith is the most critical material for the in-situ resource utilization (ISRU) in the crewed Moon exploration missions. This natural material can be utilized for the additive manufacturing of concrete or ceramic parts on the Moon’s surface to support permanent human presence on the surface of Earth’s natural satellite. The present study describes the characterization of the LHS-1 and LMS-1 simulants using XRF, XRD, SEM, EDX, DTA, TGA, UV/Vis/NIR spectroscopy, and laser diffractometry methods to provide data on their mineral, chemical, and fractional composition, as well as, on their morphology and optical properties. It was found that LHS-1 and LMS-1 simulants well mimic the primary properties of the original lunar regolith and can be potentially used for ISRU research tasks. // Isachenkov et al (2022). Characterization of novel lunar highland and mare simulants for ISRU research applications. // Icarus, 376, 114873. Doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2021.114873 (IF=3.66; Q1)
This is a first review, which discusses the development prospects of additive technologies for the manufacturing of complex technological items on the surface of the Moon under scarce resource availability and low-gravity conditions. One of the expected materials for 3D printing as part of a prospective lunar research program is the lunar regolith. It is easily accessible on the Moon in a few forms, depending on geographical location. Due to the limited availability of the lunar regolith on Earth, several attempts to use geological simulants of the regolith were made by research groups worldwide to analyze the applicability of additive manufacturing (AM) technologies for lunar 3D printing. All available experiments with 3D printing for in-situ fabrication with lunar regolith were analyzed, systematized, and generalized. Finally, the basic requirements and approaches for adapting additive manufacturing methods to lunar surface conditions were formulated . // Isachenkov et al (2021). Regolith-based Additive Manufacturing for Sustainable Development of Lunar Infrastructure – an Overview. // Acta Astronautica, 180, 650-678. Doi: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2021.01.005 (IF=2.95; Q1)
31.08.2022 – Skoltech PhD student Stanislav Chernyshikhin (PhD) told Kommersant (RUS) about a 3D printing technology for manufacturing superelastic dental instruments. // His most high-impact studies are below:
07.09.2022 – Skoltech PhD student Daniil Panov about Laser polishes 3D-printed metal parts better than ever before . // His most high-impact studies are below:
Potential application of the additive manufactured (AM) parts is still inhibited by poor fatigue properties. In this work, we applied laser polishing to simultaneously reduce factors that affected the fatigue properties, such as surface roughness and sub-surface porosity. Our findings show that significant porosity reduction in sub-surface area can be achieved with one scan pass without major deterioration of surface quality. The surface quality, sub-surface layer porosity and mechanical properties of the laser polished with pore removing pass and conventionally laser polished samples are compared with as-built samples. Panov et al (2022). Pore healing effect of laser polishing and its influence on fatigue properties of selective laser melted SS316L parts. // Optics and Laser Technology, 156, 108535. doi: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2022.108535 (IF=4.94; Q1)