Beginning of Additive Technologies (site since 1997, Russian)
Head of Additive Manufacturing Lab. at CDMM (Skoltech), Prof. Igor Shishkovsky received his PhD from the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Moscow (1992) and Doctor of Science from the Institute of Structural Macrokinetics and Material Science of the RAS (ISMAN, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 2005). In the period from 1993 to 2013 years, Prof. Shishkovsky held positions (Senior Lecturer, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Full Professor) at Sam GTU, SamGU, and MGTU – Stankin. He was an Invited Professor in the Diagnostics and Imaging of Industrial Processes (DIPI) Laboratory at Ecole Nationale d’Ingenieurs de Saint Etienne (2006 – 07 & 2010 – 11, ENISE, France). He is a co-author of over 200 scientific papers, 10 books/chapters, and 8 patents devoted to additive manufacturing (powder bed fusion, direct energy deposition, 3D laser cladding, etc) and by laser treatment of materials. His current research interests are additive manufacturing of functional gradient parts, 4D printing, bio-fabrication of implants and scaffolds.
The main goal of our research is to find prospective powder compositions for the fabrication of functional parts by the selective laser sintering/melting (SLS/M, LPBF) and 3D laser cladding processes (DED, DLM, LENS), and to study their properties and synthesis conditions. The results are expected to be utilized in medicine (orthopedic implants), the oil, gas, and chemistry industries (filter elements, catalytic membranes), in electrical engineering (piezo elements), and in auto, aerospace, and other branches of precision engineering. In other words, the applications encompass any industry where there are problems of modeling and RP&AM, which utilize powdered materials. The list includes: a) shapes cast from a sintered master pattern; b) functional customized parts and tools with unique physical characteristics.
The current studies at Prof. Shishkovsky Lab. are directing on the combinatory approach had been realized for the first time into our researches on graded Metal (or Polymer) Matrix Composites (M/PMC) based on titanium, nickel or iron matrix ( OR, the whole range of polymer powders in case of PMC), with the layerwise increasing content of Al2O3, TiC, TiB2, WC etc. nanoceramics. In certain cases, we recommend additional thermal heating of the initial mix and/or substrate for temperature gradient reduction in the volume of the 3D part to decrease residual stresses and propensity to delamination. Developed us a combinatory method is an effective tool for detection and design of new alloys for additive manufacturing (AM), studying of phase-structural transformations in non-equilibrium conditions of 3D laser synthesis, and prediction of another perspective MMC and heat-resisting alloys (Genome of Material for Combinatorial Design and Prototyping of Alloys ) for aircraft & nuclear industries.
MANUSCRIPTS AND BOOK CHAPTERS:
Shishkovsky I. Aerospace applications of the SLM process of functional and functional graded metal-matrix composites based on NiCr superalloys. Pages 265-280. Book Chapter 12 in Elsevier Publ., F. Froes, R. Boyer (Eds.) ‘Additive Manufacturing for the Aerospace Industry. 1st Edition‘, 2019. ISBN: 978-0-12814-062-8, 482 p.
Shishkovsky I. Introductory Chapter: Genome of Material for Combinatorial Design and Prototyping of Alloys, p. 1-9. Book Chapter 1 in InTech Publ., Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.) ‘Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys. Modeling and Optimization‘, 2018, London, UK. ISBN: 978-1-78923-389-6, Print ISBN: 978-1-78923-388-9. Open access.
Volyansky I., Shishkovsky I. Laser-assisted 3D printing of functional graded structures from polymer covered nanocomposites, p 237-258. Book Chapter 11 in InTech Publ., Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.) ‘New Trends in 3D Printing’, 2016, Rijeka, Croatia. ISBN: 978-953-51-2480-1, Print ISBN: 978-953-51-2479-5, 268 p. Open access.
Шишковский И.В. Основы аддитивных технологий высокого разрешения (Djvu). Из-во Питер, СПб, 2016, 400 c., ISBN 978-5-496-02049-7
Shishkovsky I.V., Nazarov A.P., Kotoban D.V., Kakovkina N.G. Comparison of additive technologies for gradient aerospace part fabrication from nickel-based superalloys. p . 221-245. Book Chapter 10 in InTech Publ., M. Aliofkhazraei (Ed.) “Superalloys”, Rijeka, Croatia, ISBN 978-953-51-2212-8, 2015, 344 p. Open access
Book chapters in J. Lawrence et al. (Eds.), Laser Surface Engineering. Processes and applications, 718 p. 2015, Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials, ELSEVIER SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, on – line ISBN 978-1-78242-074-3.
Shishkovsky I.V. Chemical and physical vapor deposition methods for nanocoatings. Book chapter in A. S. Hamdy and I. Tiginyanu (Eds.), ‘Nanocoatings and Ultra Thin-Films’, 2011, 414 p., Woodhead Publishing Limited, Abington Cambridge, UK, on – line ISBN 978-1-84569-812-6, pp. 57-77. doi:10.1533/9780857094902.1.57
Shishkovsky I.V. High-Speed Laser-Assisted Surface Modification. A book chapter in A. S. Hamdy (Ed.) High-Performance Coatings for Automotive and Aerospace Industries, Nova Science Publishers, NY, USA, June 2010, pp. 109-126. ISBN: 978-1-60876-579-9.
Шишковский И.В. Лазерный синтез функциональных мезоструктур и объемных изделий (Djvu). Физматлит. М.: 2009. 424 c. ISBN 978-5-9221-1122-5.
Awards and Grants:
Membership in International Scientific Committees:
Expert and Referee work:
We are looking for ambitious and hardworking graduated students for Master/PhD projects aimed to help
Directions of current researches include but not restricted to :
Interested Msс/PhD and Postdoc candidates are welcome to write to Prof. Igor Shishkovsky at firstname.lastname@example.org for further details.
Course MA06243 – Fundamentals of Additive Technologies
Additive manufacturing (AM), also called 3D printing, has become an extremely promising technology nowadays. Unlike traditional manufacturing processes such as welding, milling, and melting that involve multi-stage processing and treatments, AM allows creating products with a new level of performance and shapes. Moreover, this technique allows to the production of prototypes rapidly and leads to reducing costs and risks. Another crucial advantage of the technology is the unprecedented design flexibility that lets us create samples of high quality based on different materials such as metals, alloys, ceramics, polymers, composite materials, etc.
The main goal of this course is to represent the fundamental basis of different additive technologies to the students. In this course, a wide range of questions will be addressed, beginning from the process of chain and designing the structures up to various 3D printing technologies, materials and process parameters, benefits and drawbacks of AM approaches will be considered. During laboratory class, we will get acquainted with the additive technologies on various printing machines. Students will be able to create their own models, print them in metals, ceramics, and polymers, and also analyze the properties of the final samples. During this course, a complete cycle of production of samples using various 3D printing techniques will be explored both theoretically and practically.
Course MA03354 – 3D Bioprinting: Processes, Materials, and Applications
Additive manufacturing technology offers significant advantages for biomedical devices and tissue engineering due to its ability to manufacture low-volume or one-of-a-kind parts on-demand based on patient-specific needs, at no additional cost for different designs that can vary from patient to patient, while also offering flexibility in the starting materials.
The course starts with the introduction of tissue engineering (TE) and scaffold-based TE approaches. A big part of the course will be devoted to the main processes of 3D bio-fabrication. We will describe the key stages in 3D bioprinting, which are the material choice (bio-materials and cell source), pre-processing (CAD and topological optimization), processing (the 3D bioprinting systems and processes), and post-processing (cell culture). The application areas of bio-printing, including tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, clinics and transplantation, pharmaceutics, and the future trends in bioprinting that will revolutionize the organ transplantation technology in the next decades will be discussed.
Course MA03249 – Industrial Robotics
Course MA03356 – Thermal spraying and functional coatings