Personal Websites

Beginning of Additive Technologies (site since 1997, Russian)

Igor Shishkovsky

Head of Additive Manufacturing Lab. at the CMТ (Skoltech), Prof. Igor Shishkovsky received his PhD from the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Moscow (1992) and Doctor of Science from the Institute of Structural Macrokinetics and Material Science of the RAS (ISMAN, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 2005). In the period from 1993 to 2013 years, Prof.  Shishkovsky held positions (Senior Lecturer, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Full Professor) at Sam GTU,  SamGU, and MGTU – Stankin. He was an Invited Professor in the Diagnostics and Imaging of Industrial Processes (DIPI) Laboratory at Ecole Nationale d’Ingenieurs de Saint Etienne (2006 – 07 & 2010 – 11, ENISE, France).  He is a co-author of over 200 scientific papers, 10 books/chapters, and 8 patents devoted to additive manufacturing (powder bed fusion, direct energy deposition, 3D laser cladding, etc) and by laser treatment of materials. His current research interests are additive manufacturing of functional gradient parts, 4D printing, bio-fabrication of implants and scaffolds.

Ongoing projects:

  • The Russian Foundation of Basic Researches (RFBR) has awarded support from 2021 until 2022 to our project No 20-51-56011 – “Topological design and selective laser melting of porous nitinol implants and scaffolds for medical applications” - Project leader – Shishkovsky I.V. 
  • The Russian Science Foundation has awarded support from 2020 until 2022 to our Project No 2020-19-00780 “The novel manufacturing approach to the production of highly efficient lead-free textured piezo-ceramic materials using additive manufacturing technologies” Project leader – Shishkovsky I.V. 

The main goal of our research is to find prospective powder compositions for the fabrication of functional parts by the selective laser sintering/melting (SLS/M, LPBF) and 3D laser cladding processes (DED, DLM, LENS), and to study their properties and synthesis conditions. The results are expected to be utilized in medicine (orthopedic implants), the oil, gas, and chemistry industries (filter elements, catalytic membranes), in electrical engineering (piezo elements), and in auto, aerospace, and other branches of precision engineering. In other words, the applications encompass any industry where there are problems of modeling and RP&AM, which utilize powdered materials. The list includes: a) shapes cast from a sintered master pattern; b) functional customized parts and tools with unique physical characteristics.

The current studies at Prof. Shishkovsky Lab. are directing on the combinatory approach had been realized for the first time into our researches on graded Metal (or Polymer) Matrix Composites (M/PMC) based on titanium, nickel or iron matrix ( OR, the whole range of polymer powders in case of PMC), with the layerwise increasing content of Al2O3, TiC, TiB2, WC etc. nanoceramics. In certain cases, we recommend additional thermal heating of the initial mix and/or substrate for temperature gradient reduction in the volume of the 3D part to decrease residual stresses and propensity to delamination. Developed us a combinatory method is an effective tool for detection and design of new alloys for additive manufacturing (AM), studying of phase-structural transformations in non-equilibrium conditions of 3D laser synthesis, and prediction of another perspective MMC and heat-resisting alloys (Genome of Material for Combinatorial Design and Prototyping of Alloys ) for aircraft & nuclear industries.


Makarenko K., Dubinin O., Shishkovsky I. Direct Energy Deposition of Cu-Fe System Functionally Graded Materials: Miscibility Aspects, Cracking Sources, and Methods of Assisted Manufacturing, p XXXX. Book Chapter XX in InTech Publ., Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.) ‘Advanced Additive Manufacturing’, 2022, London, UK. ISBN: XXXXXXX, Print ISBN: XXXXXX, XXX p. Open access

‘Advanced Additive Manufacturing’, Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.), 2022, London, UK. ISBN: XXXXXXXXX, Print ISBN: XXXXXX, XXX p. Open access

Shishkovsky I. Aerospace applications of the SLM process of functional and functional graded metal-matrix composites based on NiCr superalloys. Pages 265-280. Book Chapter 12 in Elsevier Publ., F. Froes, R. Boyer (Eds.) Additive Manufacturing for the Aerospace Industry. 1st Edition‘, 2019. ISBN: 978-0-12814-062-8, 482 p.

Shishkovsky I. Introductory Chapter: Genome of Material for Combinatorial Design and Prototyping of Alloys, p. 1-9. Book Chapter 1 in InTech Publ., Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.) ‘Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys. Modeling and Optimization‘, 2018, London, UK. ISBN: 978-1-78923-389-6, Print ISBN: 978-1-78923-388-9. Open access.

Volyansky I., Shishkovsky I. Laser-assisted 3D printing of functional graded structures from polymer covered nanocomposites, p 237-258. Book Chapter 11 in InTech Publ., Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.) ‘New Trends in 3D Printing’, 2016, Rijeka, Croatia. ISBN: 978-953-51-2480-1, Print ISBN: 978-953-51-2479-5, 268 p. Open access.

Шишковский И.В. Основы аддитивных технологий высокого разрешения. Из-во Питер, СПб, 2016, 400 c., ISBN 978-5-496-02049-7

Shishkovsky I.V., Nazarov A.P., Kotoban D.V., Kakovkina N.G. Comparison of additive technologies for gradient aerospace part fabrication from nickel-based superalloys. p . 221-245. Book Chapter 10 in InTech Publ., M. Aliofkhazraei (Ed.) “Superalloys”, Rijeka, Croatia, ISBN 978-953-51-2212-8, 2015, 344 p. Open access

Book chapters in J. Lawrence et al. (Eds.), Laser Surface Engineering. Processes and applications, 718 p. 2015, Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials, ELSEVIER SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, on – line ISBN 978-1-78242-074-3.

Shishkovsky I.V. Chemical and physical vapor deposition methods for nanocoatings. Book chapter in A. S. Hamdy and I. Tiginyanu (Eds.), ‘Nanocoatings and Ultra Thin-Films’, 2011, 414 p., Woodhead Publishing Limited, Abington Cambridge, UK, on – line ISBN 978-1-84569-812-6, pp. 57-77. doi:10.1533/9780857094902.1.57

Shishkovsky I.V. High-Speed Laser-Assisted Surface Modification. A book chapter in A. S. Hamdy (Ed.) High-Performance Coatings for Automotive and Aerospace Industries, Nova Science Publishers, NY, USA, June 2010, pp. 109-126. ISBN: 978-1-60876-579-9.

Шишковский И.В. Лазерный синтез функциональных мезоструктур и объемных изделий. Физматлит. М.: 2009. 424 c. ISBN 978-5-9221-1122-5.

Awards and Grants:

  •  Diploma of Samara Regional Administration and Science & Education Department for the active participation in the Teaching activity (2001);
  • The Diploma in the research competition at P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of RAS for the 2007 year by the science group, which was named – “Laser synthesis of the 3D tools. Prospects and exhibits”;
  • Samara Region Award for 2000 and  2016 years in sciences and technology field from Samara Region Administration for the research study’s cycle in nomination ‘technical sciences': “Implants and scaffolds fabrication by means of additive technologies from titanium and nitinol alloys”;
  • The prize of “Crystals Best Paper Award 2015for the paper ” Intermetallics Synthesis in the Fe–Al System via Layer by Layer 3D Laser Cladding”, Igor Shishkovsky, Floran Missemer, Nina Kakovkina, and Igor Smurov, Crystals 2013, 3(4), 517–529; DOI: 10.3390/cryst3040517.
  • Grants of the Russian Foundation of the Basic Researches (2021-2022, 2017-2018, 2014-2016, 2013, 2010-2012, 2008, 2007-2008, 2006-2008, 2003-2004).
  • Grants of the Russian Science Foundation (2014-2016, 2015-2017, 2020-2022).
  • Grants of the Presidium of Russian Academy of Sciences in framework program “Fundamental sciences for medicine” (stages 2011, 2009-2010 and 2005-2006).
  • The State Corporation RosAtom (VNIEF, Sarov) has funded from 2019 until 2021 the Project in frameworks of own the Unified Industry Thematic Plan ЕОТП-МТ-097 “3D Virtual Printer 1.0“. Project leader in CMT/CDMM (Skoltech)- Shishkovsky I.V.


Membership in International Scientific Committees:

Expert and Referee work:

  • Certified Expert of Russian Academy of Sciences (No- 2016-01-2111-9076, the order of the RAS Presidium from 27/07/2016 No 10108-509)
  • Member of DS 212.215.14 (Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation No. 857/NK from 24 September 2019; specialties / chemical sciences /: 02.00.01 – Inorganic chemistry & 02.00.02 – Analytical chemistry) in Samara University
  • Certified Expert of Scientific Research Institute – Federal Research Center for Projects Evaluation and Consulting Services from 2013 (certificate No 04-00750);
  • A distinguished referee of the APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE in 2014
  • A distinguished referee of the SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY in 2015
  • A distinguished referee of the OPTICS AND LASER TECHNOLOGY in 2015, 2020
  • A distinguished referee of the JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY in 2018
  • A distinguished referee of the ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING in 2020
  • A distinguished referee of the INTERMETALLICS in 2020
  • A distinguished referee of the MATERIALS & DESIGN in 2020
  • Reviewer of the RSF, RFBR, INTAS, CRDF, European science foundations (Estonia, Germany, Poland, Czech, Bulgaria)

We are looking for ambitious and hardworking graduated students for Master/PhD projects aimed to help

  • Provide multi-scale modeling and inverse design methodology to assist in navigating complex process-structure-property relationships in additive manufacturing;
  • Develop predictive process-structure-property-relationships integrated with CAD/E/M tools;
  • Develop Powder bed fusion (PBF) and Direct Energy Deposition (DED) of hot resistance powdered alloys with special properties;
  • Exploit unique AM characteristics to produce artificial structures and devices (for example base metamaterials, with a negative coefficient of thermal expansion or optical transmission or Poisson coefficient);
  • Fabricate functionally gradient materials and multiple materials, and embed smart components during fabrication processes;
  • Develop and identify green materials including recyclable, reusable, and biodegradable materials;
  • Realize 4D printing. Create methods to model and design with variability: shape, properties, process, etc. – implants, tissue engineering scaffolds, sustainable (green) sensors, devices, etc.

Directions of current researches include but not restricted to :

  1. Powder Bed Fusion (PBF) & Direct Energy Deposition (DED) of intermetallic powder composition and fabrication of the Functional Graded Structures in the (Ti-Al, Ni-Al, Ti-Ni, Fe-Al, Fe-Ti, Ni-Al-Cu and etc) powder systems.
  2. 3D intermetallic synthesis biocomposite implants, scaffolds, and drug delivery systems from titanium, nitinol or metal (Ti, NiTi)/ceramics (ZrO2, TiO2, Al2O3, AZO, hydroxyapatite) + polymers, including biopolymers (PEEK, PCL, PA, PC, PVDF) – both micron and nano size, determination of the optimum SLS/M conditions and analysis of a phase structure and properties.
  3. Computer modeling of electro-physical and biochemical properties and layer – by – layer fabrication via SLS/M methods of Micro-/Nano-EMS (electro-mechanical systems)

Interested Msс/PhD and Postdoc candidates are welcome to write to Prof. Igor Shishkovsky at i.shishkovsky@skoltech.ru for further details.

PhD students:

  • Ekaterina Mazur (PhD-1)- Thesis title ‘3D printed topology  of auxetic materials’
  • Daniil Popov (PhD-2) – Thesis title ‘Numerical and experimental investigation of the laser structuring processes based on the remelting of the metallic surface
  • Stanislav Chernishihin (PhD-3) – Thesis title ‘Topological design and selective laser melting of porous nitinol implants and scaffolds for medical applications
  • Konstantin Makarenko (PhD-3) – Thesis title ‘Fabrication of functionally-graded structures and tools via Direct Energy Deposition’
  • Maxim Isachenkov (PhD-3) – Thesis title ‘SLA based ceramics fabrication and their applications’
  • Yulia Kuzminova (PhD-3) – Thesis title ‘Microstructure and mechanical properties of high and medium-entropy alloys after powder bed fusion process’

MSc students:

  • Amit Dev (MSc1) – – Thesis draft title ‘Numerical modeling of delivery and pool melting for powders  of two dissimilar alloys during DED’
  • Tuseef Arshad (MSc1) – – Thesis draft title ‘SLA based 3D printing of PZT ceramics: experimental and numerical study’


  • Zamila Issabaeva (M.Sc. – defense 07.06.2022)- Thesis title ‘Prediction of the mechanical behavior of Poly Lactic Acid parts with Shape Memory Effect fabricated by FDM’
  • Igor Pchelintsev (M.Sc. – defense 08.06.2022) – Thesis title ‘Production of complex hierarchical structures from zirconium ceramics by UV stereolithography for application in SOFC fuel cells
  • Yulia Bondareva, Junior Researcher at CMT –  Skoltech  (Ph.D. – defense 05.10.2020) -Thesis title ‘Sulfonimide-based dendrimers: synthesis and application for surface functionalization
Stanislav Evlashin
Leading Research Scientist
Svyatoslav Chugunov
Senior Research Scientist
Oleg Dubinin
Denis Firsov
Maxim Isachenkov
PhD student
Zhamila Issabaeva
1 year MSc student
Yulia Kuzminova
PhD student
Daniil Panov
PhD student
Igor Pchelintsev
1 year MSc student
Andrey Tikhonov
Julia Bondareva
Junior Research Scientist

Course MA06243 – Fundamentals of Additive Technologies

Additive manufacturing (AM), also called 3D printing, has become an extremely promising technology nowadays. Unlike traditional manufacturing processes such as welding, milling, and melting that involve multi-stage processing and treatments, AM allows creating products with a new level of performance and shapes. Moreover, this technique allows to the production of prototypes rapidly and leads to reducing costs and risks. Another crucial advantage of the technology is the unprecedented design flexibility that lets us create samples of high quality based on different materials such as metals, alloys, ceramics, polymers, composite materials, etc.

The main goal of this course is to represent the fundamental basis of different additive technologies to the students. In this course, a wide range of questions will be addressed, beginning from the process of chain and designing the structures up to various 3D printing technologies, materials and process parameters, benefits and drawbacks of AM approaches will be considered. During laboratory class, we will get acquainted with the additive technologies on various printing machines. Students will be able to create their own models, print them in metals, ceramics, and polymers, and also analyze the properties of the final samples. During this course, a complete cycle of production of samples using various 3D printing techniques will be explored both theoretically and practically.

Course MA03354 – 3D Bioprinting: Processes, Materials, and Applications

Additive manufacturing technology offers significant advantages for biomedical devices and tissue engineering due to its ability to manufacture low-volume or one-of-a-kind parts on-demand based on patient-specific needs, at no additional cost for different designs that can vary from patient to patient, while also offering flexibility in the starting materials.

The course starts with the introduction of tissue engineering (TE) and scaffold-based TE approaches. A big part of the course will be devoted to the main processes of 3D bio-fabrication. We will describe the key stages in 3D bioprinting, which are the material choice (bio-materials and cell source), pre-processing (CAD and topological optimization), processing (the 3D bioprinting systems and processes), and post-processing (cell culture). The application areas of bio-printing, including tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, clinics and transplantation, pharmaceutics, and the future trends in bioprinting that will revolutionize the organ transplantation technology in the next decades will be discussed.

Course MA03249 – Industrial Robotics

Course MA03356 – Thermal spraying and functional coatings

ФИО: Шишковский Игорь Владимирович

Занимаемая должность (должности): Доцент

Преподаваемые дисциплины:

  • Course MA06243 – Fundamentals of Additive Technologies (Фундаментальные основы аддитивных технологий)
  • Course MA03354 – 3D Bioprinting: Processes, Materials and Applications (3D биопринтинг: процессы, материалы и приложения)
  • Course MA03249 – Industrial Robotics (Индустриальная робототехника)
  • Course MA03356 – Thermal spraying and functional coatings (Термическое напыление и функциональные покрытия)

Ученая степень: Доктор физико-математических наук (спец. – химическая физика, вкл. физику горения и взрыва – 01.04.17),  2005 – Институт структурной макрокинетики и проблем материаловедения, Черноголовка, Москв. обл. ;  Кандидат физико-математических наук (спец. – физика твердого тела – 01.04.07), 1992  – Физический институт им. П.Н. Лебедева РАН, Москва.

Ученое звание (при наличии): Доцент по кафедре общей и лазерной физики (СамГТУ), 1998

Наименование направления подготовки и/или специальности: Теоретическая физика

Данные о повышении квалификации и/или профессиональной переподготовке (при наличии): нет

Общий стаж работы: 40 год

Стаж работы по специальности: 40 год