Beginning of Additive Technologies (site since 1997, Russian)
Head of Additive Manufacturing Lab. at the CMТ (Skoltech), Prof. Igor Shishkovsky received his PhD in solid state physics from the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Moscow (1992) and Doctor of Science in chemical physics & combustion from the Institute of Structural Macrokinetics and Material Science of the RAS (ISMAN, Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 2005). In the period from 1993 to 2013 years, Prof. Shishkovsky held Professor positions at Sam GTU, SamGU, and MGTU – Stankin. He was an Invited Professor in the Diagnostics and Imaging of Industrial Processes (DIPI) Laboratory at Ecole Nationale d’Ingenieurs de Saint Etienne (2006 – 07 & 2010 – 11, ENISE, France). He is a co-author of over 200 scientific papers, 12 books/chapters, and 9 patents devoted to additive manufacturing (powder bed fusion, direct energy deposition, 3D laser cladding, etc) and by laser treatment of materials.
He is continuing fundamental studies by shape memory effect in materials (alloys or polymers); metamaterials characterization and design; interaction of high-energy flows with matter. His current research engineering interests are connected with additive manufacturing of functional gradient 3D parts, 4D printing, fabrication of implants and scaffolds.
MANUSCRIPTS AND BOOK CHAPTERS:
Makarenko K., Dubinin O., Shishkovsky I. Direct Energy Deposition of Cu-Fe System Functionally Graded Materials: Miscibility Aspects, Cracking Sources, and Methods of Assisted Manufacturing, p. 245. Book Chapter 13 in InTech Publ., Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.) ‘Advanced Additive Manufacturing’, 2022, London, UK. ISBN: 978-1-83962-821-4, Print ISBN: 978-1-83962-820-7, 304 p. Open access
‘Advanced Additive Manufacturing’, Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.), 2022, London, UK. ISBN: 978-1-83962-821-4 , Print ISBN: 978-1-83962-820-7, 304 p. Open access
Shishkovsky I. Aerospace applications of the SLM process of functional and functional graded metal-matrix composites based on NiCr superalloys. Pages 265-280. Book Chapter 12 in Elsevier Publ., F. Froes, R. Boyer (Eds.) ‘Additive Manufacturing for the Aerospace Industry. 1st Edition‘, 2019. ISBN: 978-0-12814-062-8, 482 p.
Shishkovsky I. Introductory Chapter: Genome of Material for Combinatorial Design and Prototyping of Alloys, p. 1-9. Book Chapter 1 in InTech Publ., Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.) ‘Additive Manufacturing of High-performance Metals and Alloys. Modeling and Optimization‘, 2018, London, UK. ISBN: 978-1-78923-389-6, Print ISBN: 978-1-78923-388-9. Open access.
Volyansky I., Shishkovsky I. Laser-assisted 3D printing of functional graded structures from polymer covered nanocomposites, p 237-258. Book Chapter 11 in InTech Publ., Igor V. Shishkovsky (Ed.) ‘New Trends in 3D Printing’, 2016, Rijeka, Croatia. ISBN: 978-953-51-2480-1, Print ISBN: 978-953-51-2479-5, 268 p. Open access.
Шишковский И.В. Основы аддитивных технологий высокого разрешения. Из-во Питер, СПб, 2016, 400 c., ISBN 978-5-496-02049-7
Shishkovsky I.V., Nazarov A.P., Kotoban D.V., Kakovkina N.G. Comparison of additive technologies for gradient aerospace part fabrication from nickel-based superalloys. p . 221-245. Book Chapter 10 in InTech Publ., M. Aliofkhazraei (Ed.) “Superalloys”, Rijeka, Croatia, ISBN 978-953-51-2212-8, 2015, 344 p. Open access
Book chapters in J. Lawrence et al. (Eds.), Laser Surface Engineering. Processes and applications, 718 p. 2015, Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials, ELSEVIER SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, on – line ISBN 978-1-78242-074-3.
Shishkovsky I.V. Chemical and physical vapor deposition methods for nanocoatings. Book chapter in A. S. Hamdy and I. Tiginyanu (Eds.), ‘Nanocoatings and Ultra Thin-Films’, 2011, 414 p., Woodhead Publishing Limited, Abington Cambridge, UK, on – line ISBN 978-1-84569-812-6, pp. 57-77. doi:10.1533/9780857094902.1.57
Shishkovsky I.V. High-Speed Laser-Assisted Surface Modification. A book chapter in A. S. Hamdy (Ed.) High-Performance Coatings for Automotive and Aerospace Industries, Nova Science Publishers, NY, USA, June 2010, pp. 109-126. ISBN: 978-1-60876-579-9.
Шишковский И.В. Лазерный синтез функциональных мезоструктур и объемных изделий. Физматлит. М.: 2009. 424 c. ISBN 978-5-9221-1122-5.
Usual, I are continuing fundamental researches by
Engineering interests are connected with
Awards and Grants:
Membership in International Scientific Committees:
Expert and Referee work:
We are looking for ambitious and hardworking graduated students for Master/PhD projects aimed to help
Now, directions of our breakthrough researches include but not restricted to :
Чернышихин С., Шишковский И. Способ прямого лазерного синтеза сверхупругих эндодотических инструментов из никелида титана. // Заявка № 2022117224 от 27.06.2022 г., Патент зарегистрирован 06.02.2023 года. АНОО Сколтех RU
The direct energy deposition approach implements a unique opportunity for controlling the fabrication of functionally graded (FG) and sandwich structures from different metal powders for artificial physical properties management. Our study revealed the promising FGS into Fe-Cu system based of SS316L with bronze and for the first time prediction of mechanical properties in those sandwich systems. // Makarenko et al (2022). Mechanical characteristics of laser-deposited sandwich structures and quasi-homogeneous alloys of Fe-Cu system. Materials and Design, 224, 111313. Doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2022.111313. (IF=9.42; Q1)
Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) technology allows producing topologically optimized parts for aerospace, medical and industrial sectors where a high performance-to-weight ratio is required. Commonly the feature size for such applications is higher than 300–400 microns. However, for several possible applications of LPBF technology, for example, microfluidic devices, stents for coronary vessels, porous filters, dentistry, etc., a significant increase in the resolution is required. Our approach is aimed to study the resolution factors of LPBF technology for the manufacturing of superelastic instruments for endodontic treatment, namely Self-Adjusting Files (SAF). // Chernyshikhin S. et al. (2022). The study on resolution factors of LPBF technology for manufacturing superelastic NiTi endodontic files. // Materials, 15. doi: 10.3390/ma15196556 (IF=3.7, Q1)
Potential application of the additive manufactured (AM) parts is still inhibited by poor fatigue properties. In this work, we applied laser polishing to simultaneously reduce factors that affected the fatigue properties, such as surface roughness and sub-surface porosity. Our findings show that significant porosity reduction in sub-surface area can be achieved with one scan pass without major deterioration of surface quality. The surface quality, sub-surface layer porosity and mechanical properties of the laser polished with pore removing pass and conventionally laser polished samples are compared with as-built samples. // Panov et al (2022). Pore healing effect of laser polishing and its influence on fatigue properties of selective laser melted SS316L parts. Optics and Laser Technology, 156, 108535. doi: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2022.108535 (IF=4.94; Q1)
Additive manufacturing (AM) with lunar regolith is a promising in-situ fabrication and repair (ISFR) method that can be used for sustainable local production of engineering tools and components. The evolution of properties of highland and mare lunar regolith simulants concerning grinding-based pre-processing was studied in this work, relevant to stereolithography-based AM. Particle size distribution, mean particle size, UV–Vis, XRD and XRF spectra were acquainted from the samples, ground in a ball mill at various grinding times (to different fraction sizes). The photopolymerization efficiency was assessed for lunar simulant-infilled resins prepared from lunar regolith simulants ground with different parameters. It was found that the grinding time of lunar regolith simulants strongly influences their optical properties – the light absorption in the far UV increased by 5.5 times. Based on the measured photo-polymerization depth, the optimal grinding procedure for mare and highland lunar regolith simulants was determined. // Isachenkov et al (2022). The effect of particle size of highland and lunar regolith simulants on their printability in vat polymerisation additive manufacturing. Ceramics International, 48(23), 34713-19. doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2022.08.060 (IF=5.53; Q1)
Lunar regolith is the most critical material for the in-situ resource utilization (ISRU) in the crewed Moon exploration missions. This natural material can be utilized for the additive manufacturing of concrete or ceramic parts on the Moon’s surface to support permanent human presence on the surface of Earth’s natural satellite. The present study describes the characterization of the LHS-1 and LMS-1 simulants using XRF, XRD, SEM, EDX, DTA, TGA, UV/Vis/NIR spectroscopy, and laser diffractometry methods to provide data on their mineral, chemical, and fractional composition, as well as, on their morphology and optical properties. It was found that LHS-1 and LMS-1 simulants well mimic the primary properties of the original lunar regolith and can be potentially used for ISRU research tasks. // Isachenkov et al (2022). Characterization of novel lunar highland and mare simulants for ISRU research applications. Icarus, 376, 114873. Doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2021.114873 (IF=3.66; Q1)
This is a first review, which discusses the development prospects of additive technologies for the manufacturing of complex technological items on the surface of the Moon under scarce resource availability and low-gravity conditions. One of the expected materials for 3D printing as part of a prospective lunar research program is the lunar regolith. It is easily accessible on the Moon in a few forms, depending on geographical location. Due to the limited availability of the lunar regolith on Earth, several attempts to use geological simulants of the regolith were made by research groups worldwide to analyze the applicability of additive manufacturing (AM) technologies for lunar 3D printing. All available experiments with 3D printing for in-situ fabrication with lunar regolith were analyzed, systematized, and generalized. Finally, the basic requirements and approaches for adapting additive manufacturing methods to lunar surface conditions were formulated. // Isachenkov et al (2021). Regolith-based Additive Manufacturing for Sustainable Development of Lunar Infrastructure – an Overview. Acta Astronautica, 180, 650-678. Doi: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2021.01.005 (IF=2.95; Q1)
Piezoceramic materials provide the foundation for essential components of modern engineering applications in the fields of acoustics, sensorics, biomedical devices, and microelectronics. With device miniaturization, the industrial requirements for piezoceramics with complex geometries and improved efficiencies has grown tremendously. Additive manufacturing (AM) technologies applied to traditional piezoelectric materials has many obstacles to overcome, since typical piezoceramic products require complex and intricate shapes, and often consist of composite materials. This review intends to outline the current state of the art of AM technologies applied to the manufacture of piezoceramic materials. The properties of piezoceramics and their composites are compared for traditionally and additively manufactured devices. The pros and cons of AM technologies are discussed, and the problems to be addressed in our following studies work are highlighted. // Smirnov et al (2021). Progress and challenges of 3D-printing technologies in the manufacturing of piezoceramics. Ceramics International, 47(8), 10478–10511. Doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.12.243 (IF=5.53; Q1)
Unique functional properties such as the low stiffness, superelasticity, and biocompatibility of nickel–titanium shape-memory alloys provide many applications for such materials. SLM of NiTi enables low-cost customization of devices and the manufacturing of highly complex geometries without subsequent machining. However, the technology requires optimization of process parameters in order to guarantee high mass density and to avoid deterioration of functional properties. In this work, the melt pool geometry, surface morphology, formation mode, and thermal behavior were studied. Multiple combinations of laser power and scanning speed were used for single-track preparation from pre-alloyed NiTi powder on a nitinol substrate. The experimental results show the influence of laser power and scanning speed on the depth, width, and depth-to-width aspect ratio. Additionally, a transient 3D FE model was employed to predict thermal behavior in the melt pool for different regimes. // Chernyshikhin et al (2021). Selective laser melting of pre-alloyed NiTi powder: Single tracks study and FE modeling with heat source calibration. // Materials, 14(23), 7486. Doi: 10.3390/ma14237486 (IF=3.7, Q1)
The effect of laser thermocycling and tempering on structural heterogeneity and electro-structural properties of 2D layers and 3D multilayers of nickel-titanium intermetallide during the laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) process has been studied. Necessity of the laser melting and solidification parameters tuning, implementation of preliminary and subsequent laser tempering was proved by the final state of the shape memory alloy (SMA). It is shown that specific electrical resistivity of the studied phases (austenite, R-phase, martensite) abnormally varies with temperature. Varying structural heterogeneity by changing the laser influence parameters and/or heat treatment allows us to get a material with different functional properties. It can be used both in medicine for approximating SMA to the human body temperature, and also in high-temperature applications, as dampers. // Shishkovsky et al (2020). Influence of laser cycling on electro-structural features of nickel-titanium SMA fabricated by LPBF process. // Applied Surface Science, 508, 145278. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.145278 (IF=7.39; Q1)
Metamaterials are able to demonstrate extremely high rigidity in one direction and extremely high compliance in other directions. Pentamode metamaterials can, therefore, be considered as building blocks of exotic objects with any arbitrarily selected thermodynamically admissible elasticity tensor. In this study, several anisotropic individual and hybrid pentamode lattice structures were produced by the Multi Jet AM, mechanically tested under compression and compared with Comsol FEM simulation. It is concluded that the elastic E, shear G, and bulk moduli B of the hybrid structure are the superposition of the corresponding moduli of the individual lattice structures. Poisson’s ratio ν of the hybrid pentamode structure equals that of individual structure with higher Poisson’s ratio. The yield stress σy of the hybrid pentamode lattice structure depends on the elastic moduli of the constructing lattice structures, as well as the yield stress of the weaker lattice structure. // Mohammadi et al (2020). Hybrid anisotropic pentamode mechanical metamaterial produced by additive manufacturing technique. // Applied Physics Letters, 117, 061901; doi: 10.1063/5.0014167 (IF=3.97; Q1)
Our approach by laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) fabrication of 3D parts from metal matrix composites (MMC) we implemented based on nickel-chrome heat resistant alloy with WC ceramic reinforcing additives. The possibility of functional graded structures (FGS) from these MMC for the account of increasing the alloying element concentration from 5% to 15%vol of the tungsten carbide in NiCrSiB self-fluxing alloy was shown. We strongly recommend additional heating of the initially powdered mixture and/or substrate for temperature gradient reduction in the volume of the 3D part, homogenization of structure and decreasing residual stresses and propensity to delamination. // Shishkovsky et al (2019). Layerwise fabrication refractory NiCrSiB composite with gradient grow of tungsten carbide additives by selective laser melting. // Optics and Laser Technology, 120, 105723. doi: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2019.105723 (IF=4.94; Q1)
Interested Msс/PhD and Postdoc candidates are welcome to write to Prof. Igor Shishkovsky at firstname.lastname@example.org for further details.
Course MA06243 – Fundamentals of Additive Technologies
Additive manufacturing (AM), also called 3D printing, has become an extremely promising technology nowadays. Unlike traditional manufacturing processes such as welding, milling, and melting that involve multi-stage processing and treatments, AM allows creating products with a new level of performance and shapes. Moreover, this technique allows to the production of prototypes rapidly and leads to reducing costs and risks. Another crucial advantage of the technology is the unprecedented design flexibility that lets us create samples of high quality based on different materials such as metals, alloys, ceramics, polymers, composite materials, etc.
The main goal of this course is to represent the fundamental basis of different additive technologies to the students. In this course, a wide range of questions will be addressed, beginning from the process of chain and designing the structures up to various 3D printing technologies, materials and process parameters, benefits and drawbacks of AM approaches will be considered. During laboratory class, we will get acquainted with the additive technologies on various printing machines. Students will be able to create their own models, print them in metals, ceramics, and polymers, and also analyze the properties of the final samples. During this course, a complete cycle of production of samples using various 3D printing techniques will be explored both theoretically and practically.
Course MA03354 – 3D Bioprinting: Processes, Materials, and Applications
Additive manufacturing technology offers significant advantages for biomedical devices and tissue engineering due to its ability to manufacture low-volume or one-of-a-kind parts on-demand based on patient-specific needs, at no additional cost for different designs that can vary from patient to patient, while also offering flexibility in the starting materials.
The course starts with the introduction of tissue engineering (TE) and scaffold-based TE approaches. A big part of the course will be devoted to the main processes of 3D bio-fabrication. We will describe the key stages in 3D bioprinting, which are the material choice (bio-materials and cell source), pre-processing (CAD and topological optimization), processing (the 3D bioprinting systems and processes), and post-processing (cell culture). The application areas of bio-printing, including tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, clinics and transplantation, pharmaceutics, and the future trends in bioprinting that will revolutionize the organ transplantation technology in the next decades will be discussed.
Course MA03249 – Industrial Robotics (2019-2020)
Course MA03356 – Thermal spraying and functional coatings (2018 and early)
06 февраля 2023, 07:15 -Взболтать, но не смешивать: как создают новые сплавы с помощью технологии 3D-печати? – Аспирант Сколтеха Константин Макаренко занимается разработкой новых сплавов, получаемых с помощью 3D-печати. В этом выпуске «[Не] Фантастики» корреспондент «МИР 24» Алексей Мельников узнал, когда двигатели для самолетов и ракет можно будет печатать на принтере.
28.01.2023 – 3D Printing News Briefs, January 28, 2023: Bronze-Steel Alloys & More -Novel Bronze-Steel Alloys Could 3D Print Engine Combustion Chambers
19.01.2023 & 30.01.2023 – Skoltech PhD student Konstatin Makarenko presents in TV interviews (MIR24 & Moscow24). // His most high-impact studies are indicated in the section – News
18.01.2023 - Head of Additive Manufacturing Lab. at the CMТ (Skoltech) Igor Shishkovsky answers the questions of Radio Business FM in live about the applications of fin mesh structures from NiTinol, printed on a 3D printer in dentistry and not only.
15.01.2023 - On all channels: a 3D printer will create a flexible dentist tool! – PhD student Stanislav Chernyshikhin told Izvestia (RUS) about a 3D printing technology for manufacturing superelastic dental instruments.
09-01.2023 – Unlikely union of 3D-printed bronze and steel holds promise for jet engines – by Additive Manufacturing Lab at CMT, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology
07.09.2022 – Skoltech PhD student Daniil Panov about Laser polishes 3D-printed metal parts better than ever before . // His most high-impact studies are indicated in the section – News
31.08.2022 – Skoltech PhD student Stanislav Chernyshikhin (PhD) told Kommersant (RUS) about a 3D printing technology for manufacturing superelastic dental instruments. // His most high-impact studies are indicated in the section – News
Aug 19 2022 – Researchers Discuss How to 3D Print Auxetics – Skoltech PhD student Ekaterina Mazur (PhD) published interesting review at Materials (Basel, MDPI Publish) – doi: 10.3390/ma15165600 (IF=3.7, Q1)
18.02.2022 – Maxim Isachenkov (PhD) gave a lecture on the Colonization of the Moon using 3D printing. // His most high-impact studies are indicated in the section – News
26.10.2021 – Magnetic material 3D-printed from nonmagnetic powder – by Additive Manufacturing Lab at CDMM, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology
23.08.2021 – Igor Shishkovsky & Maxim Isachenkov (PhD) gave a lecture on MAKS 2021 “Возможности применения технологий 3D -печати для производства элементов инфраструктуры обитаемых лунных станций”
January 21, 2021 – https://phys.org/news/2021-01-d-pave-moon-colonization.html – 3-D printing to pave the way for moon colonization.
ФИО: Шишковский Игорь Владимирович
Занимаемая должность (должности): Доцент
Ученая степень: Доктор физико-математических наук (спец. – химическая физика, вкл. физику горения и взрыва – 01.04.17), 2005 – Институт структурной макрокинетики и проблем материаловедения, Черноголовка, Москв. обл. ; Кандидат физико-математических наук (спец. – физика твердого тела – 01.04.07), 1992 – Физический институт им. П.Н. Лебедева РАН, Москва.
Ученое звание (при наличии): Доцент по кафедре общей и лазерной физики (СамГТУ), 1998
Наименование направления подготовки и/или специальности: Теоретическая физика
Данные о повышении квалификации и/или профессиональной переподготовке (при наличии): нет
Общий стаж работы: 40 год
Стаж работы по специальности: 40 год