There are three ranks of professors: Assistant Professors, Associate Professors and Full Professors (or when not ambiguous, simply Professors). All ranks of professors are responsible for research, education, and participation in innovation programs. At some stage later in the career of a Full Professor, he or she may apply for the title of Distinguished Professor. This is not a separate rank from Full Professor, but simply an honorific title to recognize the leading members of the faculty.
From among the Distinguished Professors, the leadership of the faculty, together with the President, can designate the most illustrious as Institute Professors, by a means they choose. This is not a separate rank from Full Professor, but simply an honorific title to recognize the most distinguished members of the faculty. No more than about 4% of the actively serving full professors can hold this title. The criteria for award of the title of Institute Professor are simply that the honoree is one of the most capable, impactful and recognized scholars in the world community, and has worked tirelessly for the success of the Institute.
Direct appointment to any rank or honorific title of Professor is possible depending on the candidate’s prior experience, record and recognition in the field. If at the level of Associate Professor, Full Professor, Distinguished Professor or Institute Professor, the criteria for all earlier titles must be met.